Glossary I

  • ISP
    • Internet service provider, or ISP, is exactly as it is read. Companies that provide the use of internet and other forms of information communication are called ISPs. For example, hosting services for your own personal or business website[s]. Some ISPs even offer telephone numbers and personal email addresses.
  • HTTP
    • A sort of standardized language, HTTP is what makes a user able to connect to the web. “Hypertext Transfer Protocol”. When observing the URL address, the abbreviation HTTP:// tells the browser how to speak and listen to the website it is directed to.
  • DNS
    • Domain Name System (DNS) is the way websites have names instead of their assigned Internet Protocol address. For example, when you type in “”, your ISP sends the input “domain” name to a DNS server which then translates the address to the Internet Protocol (IP) address.
  • URL
    • Almost like a file cabinet labeled “RILEYSWEBSITE.COM” URL abbreviates to Universal Resource Locator. It defines the containment of the website’s domain and a functioning, hopefully organized, folders of files. The website’s address ( is the URL, and subsequent destinations are found throughout the URL with uses of languages to define where your browser looks for the site’s information.
  • GUI
    • Graphical User Interfaces give the user a way to navigate throughout whatever device they are operating. GUIs build an interactive experience for a user to easily find what they need without having to input specific numeric or textual commands. This is achieved by the use of icons, docks, drop-menus and many other useful tools.
  • FTP
    • An abbreviation of “File Transfer Protocol”, yet another form of language computers connected to the internet use to do just that. Transfer files amongst each other and other IP addresses. It may not be the most efficient way to transfer data, but it is crucial when web development is in question.
  • CMS
    • This is how websites are organized and edited via software. Content management systems help arrange a website’s GUI and background coding. Generally, CMSs help both experienced and less computer savvy users to develop their website.
  • W3C
    • W3C, World Wide Web Consortium, is similar to the UN or Geneva Convention of the internet. This is a collection of many organizations and communities of the web work who together to efficiently standardize the internet’s protocols, guidelines, and overall functionality.
  • HTML
    • HTML is an abbreviation of Hypertext Markup Language. As the backbone that gives websites their layout, functionality, and background information, HTML is the buildingblock of HTML based websites.
  • CSS
    • A sibling of HTML, Cascading Style Sheets is another language which defines the look or form of a web page instead of the functionality. CSS can give the page certain typefaces, colors, and still some changes of layout.

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